mercredi 20 juillet 2016

Best Olympics sports for French people/ Meilleurs sports aux JO pour la France

Chaque pays prenant part aux Jeux Olympiques a des sports dans lesquels ses sportifs ont plus de chance de remporter des médailles. Pour les meilleures performances de la France dans les Jeux Olympiques d'Eté, on peut compter les disciplines suivantes:
Each country taking part in Olympic Games has some sports in which their athletes have more chance of winning medals. For the best performances of France in the Summer Olympic Games, we can count the following sports:

Escrime / Fencing

Que ce soit au fleuret, à l'épée ou au sabre, la France est considérée comme d'une des meilleurs nations en escrime. Depuis le début des JO, 115 médailles ont été gagnées. 41 en or, 40 en argent et 34 en bronze.
Foil, sword, sabre, France is considered one of the best countries in fencing. Since the beginning of the Olympics, 115 medals have been won: 41 golden, 40 silver, 34 bronze.

Equipe de sabre féminin JO 2016


Cyclisme / Cycling

De nombreuses disciplines sont sous cette dénomination: cyclisme sur piste, sur route, VTT et BMX. En tout, les Français ont eu 92 médailles: 41 en or, 27 en argent, 22 en bronze.
Many different types of cycling exist: road cycling, track cycling, VTT and BMX. In total, French succeed 92 times to win a medal: 41 gold, 27 silver and 22 bronze.

Jeannie Longo, so many races won and records set!!!
Par Fanny Schertzer — Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 3.0, wikipedia


Athlétisme / Athletism

Avec 61 médailles, la France arrive à chaque JO à rafler au moins une ou deux médailles. Les athlètes français sont meilleurs en saut à la perche, course de vitesse et relais en général. 14 médailles en or, 22 en argent et 25 en bronze.
With 61 medals, France usually win one or two medals at each Olympics. French athlets are better at pole-vault, track run and relay. 14 gold, 22 silver and 25 bronze.

Par Georges Biard, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikipedia
Renaud Lavillenie (here in 2012), vaulting pole recordman in World championship and Olympics.

Judo

Depuis quelques décennies, la France a misé sur ses judokas pour remporter des médailles. 47 médailles au total sont assez exceptionnelles pour un pays qui s'est mis à la pratique des arts martiaux assez tard par rapport aux pas plus "historiques" comme le Japon ou la Chine. Les judokas français ont combattus vaillement pour obtenir 12 médailles en or, 10 en argent et 25 en bronze.
For a few decades, France improved their judokas training to win medals. 47 in total is rather exceptional for a country that is not a country of origin for martial arts, like Japan or China. French judokas won 12 golden medals, 10 silver and 25 bronze.

Par Georges Biard, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikipedia

Par XIIIfromTOKYO — Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikipedia
Championnat du monde 2010



Viennent ensuite, la natation, le tir, le tir à l'arc, la voile, la gymnastique, le canoë-kayak et l'aviron.
You have also these sports which French are often good at: swimming, shooting, archery, sailing, gymnastic, canoë-kayak, rowing.

Donc si vous voulez entendre la Marseillaise durant les cérémonies de remise des médailles, suivez l'une de ces compétition!
So if you want to listen to la Marseillaise during one of the medals ceremony, watch these competitions!



http://multiculturalkidblogs.com/olympics-for-kids/
Welcome to our Olympics for Kids series! The Olympics are a wonderful opportunity to teach kids about the world and explore cultures together.
Today, you can find more about other printables from various countries thanks to our participating bloggers:

Passport to the Olympics - Multicultural Kid Blogs
South Africa Research Project - Globe Trottin' Kids
Mexico in the Olympics - Mommy Maestra
All About Chile - La Clase de Sra. DuFault
Best Olympic Sports for French People - La Cité des Vents
Portugal in the Olympics - the piri-piri lexicon
Opening Ceremonies Flag Scavenger Hunt - Kid World Citizen
Olympic Athlete Trading Cards - use resources wisely
Exploring Puerto Rico Landmarks - Discovering the World Through My Son's Eyes
Don't forget that you can also download our Summer Games Unit activity pack to learn more about the world and have fun during the Olympics.
http://multiculturalkidblogs.com/product/summer-games-unit-activity-pack-ages-8-12/

vendredi 15 juillet 2016

Baron Pierre de Coubertin & the modern Olympics

Do you know why we have each four years Summer Olympic Games?

It's all thank to Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a French noble who thought that sports could be a force to unite nations and bring peace!



His education and upbringing

Born in Paris, on the 1st January 1863, Charles Pierre Frédy de Coubertin could have followed his ancestors' path into military offices but he prefered to pursue academical fonctions. Even if his family was of noble class, he chose to follow politically the republicans, which caused great disputes with his father, a staunch royalist. He threw himself into education, sports, literature, history and sociology, the two first being his main subjects of work.

During his researches and readings, he started to develop his theory of physical education, based primarily on the ancient Greek example of the gymnasium (a training facility encouraging both physical and intellectual development).

For him, unity in these places, such as old and young people working and learning together different disciplines, or practical and theorical studies both possible, was a kind of ideal humanity forget along the centuries.

His ideas were also forged on a will of preparing better men for war and of a democratic approach of sports (although classes brought together wasn't in his theories).

Having failed in his propositions of more physical education in schools, Pierre de Coubertin devoted his time in a new endeavour: the revival of the Olympic Games.


The modern Olympic Games


If he was not the only one who wanted more internationalism in sports, he was the one behind the 1896 Summer Olympics. At a Congress on amateurs in sports, held in Paris the 23rd of June 1894, he supported the choice of Athens for a first international competition (however at first he wasn't sure the Greek government had the potential to host such a special competition). The four years cycle was also voted as did the banning of money prizes in the contests and the amteurism of the participants (no professional allowed, which is not the case anymore).

The closer the Games came, the lesser the Greek government used the services of Coubertin. On the international front, Coubertin had issues with the German athletes who suspected that he wanted to exclude them (because of the Franco-Prussian war Germany won) and the French who didn't want any German in this competition. It was luckily settled before the Games.

Even if the first Olympic Games were a success with 14 competiting nations (despise some bumps in the road like the cancellation of the football tournament due to lack of participating teams!), the Paris Games in 1900 and the Saint-Louis Games in 1904 were shadowed by the World Fairs organized at the same time in these cities and marred with scandals. Pierre de Coubertin didn't take much part in the organization of them.

Working in the background with the creation of the International Olympic Committee, he became his first president in 1896 until 1925. We can thank him on designing the Olympic flag in 1913, on the Olympic charter and on the olympic devise: Citius, Altius, Fortius (Faster, Higher, Stronger).


He has also declared:
The important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle, the essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.


Other details of his life:


Pierre de Coubertin was a sportsman: he enjoyed fencing, horseriding, boxing and rowing.

In 1911, he founded the inter-religious Scouting organisation Éclaireurs Français (EF) in France.

He won the gold medal for literature at the 1912 Summer Olympics for his poem Ode to Sport.

He was definitly a man of his time. Women in sports' competitions were not an option for him, as much as for many doctors of that time who argued that violent movements weren't good for the women physical health and that they should keep on procreating and not working up like a warrior. He is also seen as a racist. However, he viewed many "primitive" ethnies as physicaly superior, because the "white men" grew out of their nature and forget their abilities.



The legacy of Pierre de Coubertin is still alive. We will soon celebrate new Olympic Games, in Brazil this time. We hope that the athletes, judges and coaches will keep their oath of sportsmanship and fairness, and that the sports will prevail and bring unity and peace... Eventhough we know how much they have already pained the local populations with their preparation (something Coubertin wouldn't have agreed with).



http://multiculturalkidblogs.com/olympics-for-kids/

Welcome to our Olympics for Kids series! The Olympics are a wonderful opportunity to teach kids about the world and explore cultures together.
Today, you can find more about Olympic history and famous athletes from various countries around the world.


Judoka: Rafaela Silva - Multicultural Kid Blogs

South Africa's First Olympians - Globe Trottin' Kids
Chile: Important Names and Winners - La clase de Sra. DuFault 
Female Athletes to Watch in 2016 - Use Resources Wisely
Jefferson Perez: The Only Olympic Medalist in Ecuador - Hispanic Mama
Fastest Man/Woman in the World - Kid World Citizen
Olympisch Stadion in Amsterdam - Expat Life with a Double Buggy
Baron Pierre de Coubertin & the modern Olympics - La Cité des Vents
 
Don't forget that you can also download our Summer Games Unit activity pack to learn more about the world and have fun during the Olympics.

http://multiculturalkidblogs.com/product/summer-games-unit-activity-pack-ages-8-12/

dimanche 19 juin 2016

Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop - June 2016


Welcome to the Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop!


The Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop is a place where bloggers can share multicultural activities, crafts, recipes, and musings for our creative kids. We can't wait to see what you share this time!

Created by Frances of Discovering the World through My Son's Eyes, the blog hop has now found a new home at Multicultural Kid Blogs.



Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop is a place for you to share your creative kids culture posts. It's very easy, and simple to participate!
Just follow these simple guidelines:
  • Pinterest, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. Please let us know you're following us, and we will be sure to follow you back.
  • Link up any creative kids culture posts, such as language, culture, books, travel, food, crafts, playdates, activities, heritage, and holidays, etc. Please, link directly to your specific post, and no giveaways, shops, stores, etc.
Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop
  • Please grab the button code above and put it on your blog or the post you’re linking up. You can also add a text link back to this hop on your blog post. Note: By sharing your link up on this blog hop you are giving us permission to feature your blog post with pictures, and to pin your link up in our Creative Kids Culture Feature board on Pinterest.
  • Don't be a stranger, and share some comment love! Visit the other links, and comment. Everyone loves comments!
  • The Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop will go live on the 3rd Sunday of the month. It will run for three weeks. The following blog hop we will feature a previous link up post, and if you're featured, don't forget to grab the button below:
Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop


For this month, we will talk about a meal plan for a multicultural and tasty week! In the post 


Varya gives us a few mouthwatering and kid-friendly ideas for a week full of fun, spices, and different ingredients. Yummy!


Thank you for linking-up, and we can't wait to see what you've been up to!

lundi 30 mai 2016

Refugees are already on a "Ramadan diet" (and ways to be charitable with them) [MKB Ramadan for Kids]



Fasting, praying, being mindful of what you do, being charitable... those are principles that Muslims follow diligently during the month of Ramadan.

I'm not a Muslim woman, neither am I a refugee. But I have eyes to see what is happening in many parts of the world. And I have a heart too, a big crushed one. How could it not be so?

Some of my friends have met, teached, played with refugees from different countries in camps here in Germany, or in Greece or in Calais, France. They have shared the stories they have heard, orally, in blog posts or even in a talk broadcast in the whole world. Those stories that make us want to shout how unfair life can be, how some people are more monsters than people...

“World's refugees and displaced exceed record
60 million: U.N.” from 
reuters.com.


Refugees who are also Muslims may want to follow in one week this principle of Islam and fast everyday for 30 days. But how many of them have the requirred medical condition to properly do it? How many are underfed, sick, in dirty places and without access to proper food for the festivities? Far too many. 


I think that the refugees are already on a "Ramadan diet": less food, seeking opportunities to do good and for someone to be good to them, pondering every moves and travels, praying to Allah to be protected and stronger for their family, and so forth.


Their lifes are at risk, their past and home have been pushed aside, and they have faced such hardships, even for some torture (psychological and physical) and rape. They have witnessed their loved ones die, from bombing, shooting while crossing the borders or drowing in the Mediterranean see because the boat is too small, the sea too dangerous or the coast guards are pressuring them to back off...



So this Ramadan, I would encourage you -and your whole family- to think of them and share goodness around you. When lots of them are parked in camps and can't do anything beside waiting for a hypothetical approval to live in a new country, show them some love.


  • Fast from sunrise to sunset one, two or more days, and give the amount of money equal to the meals you didn't eat to a local organization helping homeless people. (Muslims tend to give the Zakat - the offering - during Ramadan, which is understandable as we draw closer to the divine while fasting and praying. Being more generous and humble comes from a higher spirituality.)

  • Start a relief project with children from a school, a local youth association, etc, aimed at helping people to better integrate in your community. Find ways to be creative and practical. Simple acts can do lots of good!

  • If you live near a camp or a shelter for refugees, meet the local managing team and ask them what they need the most AND what is possible to bring to them in term of food (Is home cooked food ok? Do they have an oven?...)

I wish to all my Muslim friends "Ramadan Kareem"! (a noble/generous Ramadan)



Ramadan for Kids 2016 | Multicultural Kid Blogs

Multicultural Kid Blogs is proud to be hosting its second annual Ramadan for Kids blog hop, where bloggers come together to share ideas for teaching kids about and honoring Ramadan. Don't forget to check out our series from last year and follow our Ramadan board on Pinterest for even more ideas and link up your own posts below!



Participating Blogs




dimanche 15 mai 2016

Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop - May 2016




Welcome to the Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop!


The Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop is a place where bloggers can share multicultural activities, crafts, recipes, and musings for our creative kids. We can't wait to see what you share this time!

Created by Frances of Discovering the World through My Son's Eyes, the blog hop has now found a new home at Multicultural Kid Blogs.

This month our co-hosts are:


Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop is a place for you to share your creative kids culture posts. It's very easy, and simple to participate!
Just follow these simple guidelines:
  • Pinterest, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. Please let us know you're following us, and we will be sure to follow you back.
  • Link up any creative kids culture posts, such as language, culture, books, travel, food, crafts, playdates, activities, heritage, and holidays, etc. Please, link directly to your specific post, and no giveaways, shops, stores, etc.
Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop
  • Please grab the button code above and put it on your blog or the post you’re linking up. You can also add a text link back to this hop on your blog post. Note: By sharing your link up on this blog hop you are giving us permission to feature your blog post with pictures, and to pin your link up in our Creative Kids Culture Feature board on Pinterest.
  • Don't be a stranger, and share some comment love! Visit the other links, and comment. Everyone loves comments!
  • The Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop will go live on the 3rd Sunday of the month. It will run for three weeks. The following blog hop we will feature a previous link up post, and if you're featured, don't forget to grab the button below:
Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop


It was hard to chose this month for me, but as I like Shakespeare and the theatre, I would like to present you this post about "Hamlet for kids" (free printable) from the blog Learning Table. My son is still too young to read by himself, but I plan to start reading theatre plays with him when he will be 8.



Thank you for linking-up, and we can't wait to see what you've been up to!



mardi 22 mars 2016

Alexandra David-Néel [Women's History Month]

Par Alessondrad — Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 4.0


Alexandra David, en 1886,
le jour de sa présentation à la Cour de Belgique,
devant le roi Léopold II et la reine Marie-Henriette.
Alexandra David-Néel was a Belgian-French woman reknown for being the first foreign woman to visit and stay in Lhasa, Tibet. She had many chapters before and after that event in her adventurous life: explorer, anarchist, opera singer, spiritualist, Buddhist and writer.

During her trips in Asia, she met and talked with the 13th Dalaï Lama, befriended Maharaj Kumar (crown prince) Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal of the kingdom of Sikkim, learned meditation techniques and buddhist philosophy from Lachen Gomchen Rinpoche for several years, visited without authorisation Tibet and met the Panchen Lama, was expulsed from India ("thanks to missionaries" that were not thrilled with her being so well accepted by Tibetan people), traveled to Japan, Korea, China, Mongolia and finally came back to Tibet.

In 1924 -she was 56 years old-, under the disguise of a beggar, she stayed two months in Lhasa. Even if she knew the Dalaï Lama, she couldn't announce herself to him because of the ban (no foreigners in Lhasa).

She came back in France one year later and bought a house in Digne-les-Bains, where she wrote many books. Her companion of adventures for 11 years (she met him in 1914, he was 15 years old) Aphur Yongden came with her. She adopted him as a son.

She traveled again in China and Tibet between 1937 and 1946. Her retreat in Tibet lasted five years. She definitly came back to France in July 1946.

If you want to learn more about her life, I advise you to visit the website of the association managing her home Samten-Dzong or "fortress of meditation"in Digne-les-Bains, France, where she died at nearly 101 years old.


The following videos will show you how an adventurous, spiritual and smart woman she was.

Her life in pictures:

A video in French, but you can add subtitles: a portrait by her friend Marie-Madeleine Peyronnet, her biographe, and by Priscilla Telmon who went to Lhassa.
Portrait d'Alexandra David Neel la célèbre exploratrice et écrivaine bouddhiste
commenté par sa secrétaire et amie, Marie Madeleine Peyronnet, sa biographe 
et par Priscilla Telmon qui a marché dans ses pas jusque Lhassa.

Alexandra David-Neel: A Tibetan Buddhist Journey - Clare Fischer


This is the summary of The Secret Oral Teachings in Tibetan Buddhist Sects by Alexandra David-Neel, lama Yongden, H. N. M. Hardy, Alan Watts.

Interview of Alexandra David-Néel a few days before her death.

One house, one artist: (in French)


Women's History Month Series on Multicultural Kid Blogs

Join us for our second annual Women's History Month series, celebrating the contributions and accomplishments of women around the world. Follow along all month plus link up your own posts below! Don't miss our series from last year, and find even more posts on our Women's History board on Pinterest:



March 1
A Crafty Arab on Multicultural Kid Blogs: 7 Women Artists Who Changed History

March 3
The Art Curator for Kids: Songs We Can See - The Art of Peggy Lipschutz

March 4
Kid World Citizen: Children's Books about Women Scientists

March 7
Mama Smiles: Picture Books about Great Women in History Your Kids Need to Know

March 8
Hispanic Mama: 4 Latina Women Who Made It Happen

March 9
Discovering the World Through My Son's Eyes: Spanish Children's Book on the Life of Felisa Rincón de Gautier, First Female Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico

Colours of Us: 28 Multicultural Picture Books about Inspiring Women & Girls


March 10
Witty Hoots: Some Awesome Women in My Life

March 11
MommyMaestra: Women in World History Trading Card Template

March 14
Crafty Moms Share: The Thinking Girl's Treasury of Real Princesses

March 15
The Jenny Evolution: Non-Fiction Books about Women for Kids

March 16
Discovering the World Through My Son's Eyes

March 17
Living Ideas

March 18
La Cité des Vents

March 21
A Crafty Arab

March 22
La Cité des Vents

March 23
Peakle Pie

March 24
All Done Monkey

March 25
The Art Curator for Kids on Multicultural Kid Blogs

March 28
Creative World of Varya

March 29
Family in Finland

March 30
The Jenny Evolution

March 31
For The Love of Spanish





Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop

dimanche 20 mars 2016

Julie-Victoire Daubié: first French woman to have the Baccalauréat [Women's History Month]



On the great blog Plume d'Histoire, the author has written about the strong-minded woman who was Julie-Victoire Daubié, the first French woman who succesfully passed the Baccalauréat. I love how she brings to life the era and the mindset of her society.

A bit of History:

The Baccalauréat has been "reinvented" by Napoleon Ist in 1808, becoming a diploma allowing to start college education. Three Baccalauréats existed: Baccalauréat en Lettres (Letters), Baccalauréat en Sciences (Sciences examination) and Baccalauréat en Droit (Law). This last one was only for a few years.

When Napoléon published the decree, it was not mentionned that women were not allowed. Just people up 16 years of age. As the education of women in letters and sciences were very rare and no middle and high schools were available for them, they didn't have the idea to pass it. As Plume d'Histoire stats in her article, women during the majority of the 19th century were not considered as "humanly equals" to men. Working for 13 hours in a factory, that was acceptable, but learning astronomy, medecine, philosophy, etc, were way too difficult for them... (I'm so sarcastic here... grr)

Julie-Victoire Daubié's upbringing:

All that changed with a young woman raised in the Vosges, France. Julie-Victoire Daubié was born on March 26th 1824 and was the eighth child of a modest bourgeoise family. She lived in her paternal grand-father's house and was able to attend primary school -where she received her Brevet Elémentaire (Elementary Certificate).

With the help of her brother - a priest- who taught her Latin, Greek, history, geography and German, she succeeded at the Brevet d’aptitude à l’enseignement primaire supérieur (Certificate of capacity in the upper primary education), the only diploma accessible to women. She became a governess in France and later in Germany. She started to write a book "La femme pauvre au XIXe siècle" (the poor woman in the 19th century)... a book which will become a reality a few years later.

Making History:

When she wrote an essay on June the 15th of 1859 for the competition opened by the Académie impériale des sciences et belles lettres in Lyon, her life changed. The topic was inspired by François Arlès-Dufour, an industrial businessman:
Look for, especially on a moral point of view, (...) the most practical measures (...) to raise the salary of the women in equality as the men's one when there is equality of service or work; to open to women new career and to procure them jobs that replace those successively taken away by the concurrence of men and the transformation of uses or customs.
François Arlès-Dufour par Nadar
Médiathèque de l’Architecture et du Patrimoine
Her memoir "The poor woman by a poor woman" won the first prize. Arlès-Dufour became her protector. She decided then to register for the Baccaleuréat (legally nothing could prevent her to register) and was denied the registration by two Académies. The University of Lyon accepted and the 16th of August 1861 she passed her examination. The following day, she became the first bachelière es Lettres.

Legend of the delayed diploma...

Some said that the news of her success was not well received by everyone... What follows is seen as a "legend", but I couldn't leave it out of this post.

Her joy at being a Bachelière turned quickly to bitterness: the minister of Public Instruction, Gustave Rouland, refused to sign her diploma. As Julie-Victoire wanted to attend college for a Licence es Lettres, she needed her Baccalauréat!

François Arlès-Dufour spoke with the empress Eugénie who was a charitable woman and was moved by Julie-Victoire's plea. The same happened with her husband Napoléon III, a progressist and "equalitarian" man who forced Gustave Rouland to sign the diploma in March 1862. Nine month after she passed it, she had her diploma in her hands.

Some historians are dubtious of this story, because the delay between the examination and the diploma being received was between six to ten months during the Second Empire. Even if Julie-Victoire Daubié was not forced to plead with the Emperor, finally, an higher education was possible for the French women!

She was at that time a great example for many women, and even if only 10 women passed with flying colors the Baccalauréat in 1892, new secondary schools had opened for women. In 1920, they were more than one thousand.

Her career:

Julie-Victoire had a career as an entrepreneur (she bought an embroidery company), a journalist, a militant and a woman of letters. She had two goals: refute the inferiority of women and permit them to access to equal jobs and salaries.

Between 1866 and 1869, she published her work La femme pauvre du XIXe siècle (=,The poor woman of the 19th century), the fruit of vast researchs. The 28th October 1872 she also became the first woman Licencié es Lettres (without a "e" at the end, as the diploma title was only male at that time), and founded the "Association for the progressive emancipation of woman".

She had several correspondances with illustrious feminists and progressists men and women -Georges Sand, Alexandre Dumas Jr, Josephine Butler, Jules Simon, Léon Richet... She wanted for the French women to engage in economy, politics and vote, something that they were finally allowed to do only in 1944 (and they voted for the first time in 1945) !!!

Deadly sick with tuberculosis in 1874, she didn't have the time to finish her doctoral thesis "The woman condition in the Roman society". She left, at 50 years old, an imprint on the women of her time and others would further carry the hopes and vision of this discreet but persistent woman for more acknowledgement of women's rights.

Woman will become in the society whatever she will be able to be.   Julie-Victoire Daubié.

Fresque in honor of Julie-Victoire Daubié, in Fontenay-le-Chateau where she is buried.
Photo par Par E2 — Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 3.0


I passed my Baccalauréat Scientifique in June 2000 and I can't really grasp all the implications her will and her success had concerning the rights and socio-economic situation of women in France. Perhaps another woman would have tried a few years later than her? We don't know for sure... But what I know, is that, because of her, women received the opportunity to study and have better education. They weren't anymore these people that could not think and do something only men were able to...

She wasn't the only woman in the world who stood up for what was right and what women should be allowed to do, but for the French woman I am, the one who feverishly checked the lists of the results and shouted "YES" when I saw my name and my grade for the Baccalauréat examination, she's very important. So, thank you Julie-Victoire. All the French Bachelières should know your name and your story!


Women's History Month Series on Multicultural Kid Blogs

Join us for our second annual Women's History Month series, celebrating the contributions and accomplishments of women around the world. Follow along all month plus link up your own posts below! Don't miss our series from last year, and find even more posts on our Women's History board on Pinterest:


March 1
A Crafty Arab on Multicultural Kid Blogs: 7 Women Artists Who Changed History

March 3
The Art Curator for Kids: Songs We Can See - The Art of Peggy Lipschutz

March 4
Kid World Citizen: Children's Books about Women Scientists

March 7
Mama Smiles: Picture Books about Great Women in History Your Kids Need to Know

March 8
Hispanic Mama: 4 Latina Women Who Made It Happen

March 9
Discovering the World Through My Son's Eyes: Spanish Children's Book on the Life of Felisa Rincón de Gautier, First Female Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico

Colours of Us: 28 Multicultural Picture Books about Inspiring Women & Girls


March 10
Witty Hoots: Some Awesome Women in My Life

March 11
MommyMaestra: Women in World History Trading Card Template

March 14
Crafty Moms Share: The Thinking Girl's Treasury of Real Princesses

March 15
The Jenny Evolution: Non-Fiction Books about Women for Kids

March 16
Discovering the World Through My Son's Eyes

March 17
Living Ideas

March 18
La Cité des Vents

March 21
A Crafty Arab

March 22
La Cité des Vents

March 23
Peakle Pie

March 24
All Done Monkey

March 25
The Art Curator for Kids on Multicultural Kid Blogs

March 28
Creative World of Varya

March 29
Family in Finland

March 30
The Jenny Evolution

March 31
For The Love of Spanish





Creative Kids Culture Blog Hop

vendredi 18 mars 2016

Friday Good Ideas #6




For the family:

Recipes you should try this week-end:


An activity you could plan:
Well, more like one to pick between these 101 activities... 



For the children:

Activities:

Smart an Fun:
Geometry for kids: islamic art, from Planet Smarty Pants, will help you understand how the islamic art use geometry and colors. Stained glass geometry is very fun!


For the adults:

Parenting:
Raising girls who are includers instead of mean girls.  If you have a boy, the advices still stand.

Supporting a child with trauma history, on Steam powered Family.

Knowledge:

Have a good laugh:
Man and woman's brains, by Dekho Bhopal

Take care of yourself:

vendredi 11 mars 2016

La procession de la Sanch [Easter around the World]

Départ de la procession, avec au fond, la croix des anciennes confréries de Perpignan (gantiers, tisserands, jardiniers, etc).
Start of the procession, with in the background the cross of the ancient fraternities of Perpignan (gloves makers, weavers, gardeners, etc).

Vendredi Saint, dans les rues du Vieux Perpignan. Que le soleil rayonne ou qu'il pleuve à la mode méditerranéenne (bien fort pour quelques heures), la procession de la Sanch (= du sang) commémorant la Passion et l'Agonie du Christ s'ébranle à 15h depuis l'église St Jacques. Passant par les rues et ruelles médiévales et faisant deux arrêts - 16h à la cathédrale St Jean et 17h à l'église St Matthieu-, les misteris retourneront juste à côté de leur point de départ, aux jardins de la Miranda. Un lieu qui d'ailleurs n'est pas que géographiquement leur départ mais surtout historiquement.
Good Friday, in the streets of the Old Perpignan. Sun shining or mediterranean rain pouring (very heavy for a few hours), the Sanch procession (= the blood) commemorating the Passion and Agony of Christ starts at 3pm from the church of St James. Walking through the medieval streets and alleys and stopping two times - 4pm at the Cathedral St John and at 5pm at the church of St Matthew -, the misteris will go back near their starting point, in the gardens of the Miranda. A place that is not only the geographic start but also the historical one.


Image: L'Indépendant.


Historique de la confrérie et tenue d'un pénitent / Hictoric of the Fraternity and clothes of the penitent:

Le 11 octobre 1416, la " Confrérie du Précieux Sang de Notre Seigneur Jésus-Christ " y fut fondé par Saint Vincent Ferrier. Ses buts étaient / sont:
The 11th of October 1416, the "Fraternity of the Precious Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ" was founded by Saint Vincent Ferrer. The aims of this fraternity was:

• l'accompagnement des condamnés à mort (par le passé) / support to the people sentenced to death (in the past)

• la visite et l'accompagnement des prisonniers / visiting and supporting the prisoners

• la participation aux cérémonies liées à la Semaine Sainte ainsi qu'une pratique religieuse réelle et active / participation in the ceremonies during the Holy Week and also a sincere and active religious practice

• la participation aux diverses maintenances (renforcement des liens de coopération et d'entraide entre les différentes Confréries de Pénitents de France et de la Principauté de Monaco / participation in various maintenances (building stronger bonds  of cooperation and relief between the different Fraternities of Penitents in France and Monaco)


Penitent

La confrérie des Jardiniers (Hortolans) et celle des Tisserands (Teixidors) existaient déjà dans la paroisse  St Jacques et leurs membres furent les premiers pénitents dans leurs sacs noirs et encapuchonnés (les caparutxes). La cagoule qu'ils portent permettait aux pénitents qui avaient un passé criminel de pouvoir prendre part à la procession et invoquer le pardon divin au milieu des autres habitants. La tradition est restée, ainsi que le nom qui a vite désigné l'ensemble de leur tenue noire ou rouge. Pour connaître la paroisse d'origine d'un pénitent, c'est la couleur de la ceinture de corde qui ceint sa tenue qui vous l'indiquera (blanc pour La Réal, rouge pour St Jacques, etc). Les pénitents portent des chaussures noires ou bien vont pieds-nus. Autour du cou, le scapulaire -objet de dévotion béni par l'évêque- est attaché et passé sous le sac (sorte de robe) du pénitent.
The Fraternity of the Gardeners (Hortolans) and the one of the Weavers (Teixidors) existed then in the St James parish and their members were the first penitents in their black bags and hoods (the caparutxes). The cowl they are wearing allowed the penitents who had a criminal record to take part in the procession and to invoke the divine forgiveness in the middle of the other inhabitants. The tradition stayed, as did the name which quickly designated their whole clothing, black or red. To know from which parish they are from, it's at the color of their rope belt you will see it (white for La Réal, red for St James, etc). the penitents have to wear black shoes or they can go barefoot. Around their neck, the scapular -an object of devotion blessed by the bishop- is attached and hid under their bag of penitent (a kind of dress).


L'ordre et la composition de la procession / Order and composition of the procession:

Le Regidor et sa cloche de fer
The regidor and his iron bell
  • le Regidor de procession, caparutxa rouge écarlate, ouvre le cortège avec dans ses mains la cloche de fer qu'il fait retentir à intervalles réguliers. / the Regidor of the procession, with a scarlett caparutxa, opens the procession with an iron bell in his hands, that he will ring from time to time. 
  • les tambours, voilés de crêpe noir. Des chants accompagnent la processions: les goigs de la Sanch. / the drums, veiled in a black mourning crêpe. Hymns support the penitents: the goigs of the Sanch.

  • les Misteris: ces groupes statutaires portés à main d'homme en capuchons noirs ou rouges, ou de femme en mantilles, pendant trois heures, représentent les scènes de la Passion du Christ. Chaque pénitent porte 30 à 50 kg et ils sont 8 pour en transporter un Misteri, qui de plus est toujours orné de fleurs. / the Misteris: group of statues hold by men in caparutxes black or scarlett, or women in mantilla, during three hours, representing scenes from the Passion of the Christ. Each penitent holds between 30 and 50 kg and they are 8 to carry one, very decorated with flowers, Misteri.


Les Misteris que vous pouvez voir lors de la procession sont au nombre de 36 et évoquent les scènes suivantes: / There are 36 Misteris you can see during the procession and they show the following scenes:




  • l'Hort (= le jardin) porté par la Confrérie des Jardiniers et abondamment fleuri / the Hort (= the garden) carried by the Fraternity of the Gardeners and beautifully flowered.
  • la Flagellation / the Whipping
  • le Couronnement d'épines / the Crowning of thorns
  • l'Ecce Homo. Les porteurs du misteri de l’Ecce homo (présentation à la foule devant le palais de Pilate, de Jésus battu et couronné d’épines) sont habillés de vermeil - comme le Regidor - pour rappeler le sang du Christ. / the Ecce Homo. The bearers of the Ecce Homo (when Jesus, whipped and crowned with thorns, is presented to the crowd by Pilate) are clothed in vermeil - as the Regidor - to remember Christ's blood.
  • les Misteris de Jésus portant la Croix / the Misteris of Jesus walking with the Cross
  • les Misteris du Christ cloué sur la Croix / the Misteris of Christ on the Cross

  • le "Dévot Christ" placé sur le parvis de la cathédrale dans son lit d'apparat / the "Christ Devout", is placed on the cathedrale's square, in its ceremonial bed.
Christ Devot

  • la Mater Dolorosa: Marie au pied de la Croix, son coeur en argent transpersé de 7 glaives (ses  douleurs) / the Mater Dolorosa: Mary at the cross feet, her silver heart being pierced by 7 swords (her pains)
  • la Pieta: Marie portant le corps de Jésus après qu'on l'est descendu de la Croix / the Pieta: Mary holding Jesus' body after they took him down of the cross.
  • la Soleda: Marie regardant la croix où son fils a été supplicié quelques heures plus tôt, son corps reposant désormais au sépulcre / the Soleda: Mary looks up at the cross where her son has been tortured a few hours ago, his body laying in the sepulcre.
La Soleda

Deux autres processions de la Sanch existent en Catalogne du Nord: à Arles-sur-Tech et à Collioure et une en Catalogne du Sud, à Gérone.
Two other Sanch processions exist in North Catalunya: in Arles-sur-Tech and in Collioure, and one in South Catalunya in the city of Gerona.

J'y ai assisté deux fois, parmi la foule "silencieuse", et bien qu'à l'époque je n'appartenais à aucune religion, la vie du Christ me touchait déjà beaucoup et je me considérais déjà comme chrétienne. Ces statues et la ferveur dans le regard des pénitents et pénitentes m'avaient beaucoup intéressé.
I watched the procession two times, in the "mute" crowd, and even if at that time I didn't belong to any religion, the life of Christ was already deeply touching me and I considered myself as a Christian. Those statues and the fervour in the eyes of the penitents interested me a lot.




Si vous avez l'occasion de venir à Perpignan au moment de la Semaine Sainte, la procession de la Sanch est une célébration à ne pas rater! Surtout que 2016 marque le 600e anniversaire! Le Festival de Musique Sacrée se déroule également à ce moment-à. De même vous pouvez aller le Lundi de Pâques à Ille-sur-Têt pour la procession du Ressuscité. Et puis, les Pyrénées-Orientales regorgent de trésors architecturaux et naturels... pourquoi se priver d'une belle balade?
If you have the opportunity to come to Perpignan during the Holy Week, the Sanch procession can't be ignored! Especially as 2016 is the 600th anniversary! The Sacred Music Festival takes place at the same time. On Easter Monday, you can drive to Ille-sur-Têt to see the procession of the Risen Christ. And also, the Pyrénées-Orientales area abouds with architectural and natural treasures... why would you deprive yourself of a nice roadtrip?


A lire: Article sur les 600 ans de la Sanch publié le Mercredi 23 mars 2016 sur le site L'Indépendant.fr.



Un grand merci à Zebulon nog s3
qui a accepté que j'utilise ses photos de la Sanch 2015 pour illustrer mon article.

A big thank you to Zebulon nog s3
who agreed for me to use his photographies from the Sanch 2015 to illustrate my post.






This post is part of the series Easter around the world 
from Multicultural Kid Blogs. 
Be sure to look at what the bloggers have written 
about Easter in different countries!


Explore the diverse traditions of Easter around the world with us, and don't miss our series from last year and this wonderful overview of global Easter traditions. You can also find these posts and more on our Easter Around the World Pinterest board:

March 21
Kori at Home
March 24
Hispanic Mama



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